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I saw Mad Men and one of the characters who was also a Doctor, was promoted to Captain immediately after training. —C.O. Sign up with your email address to be the first to know about new products, VIP offers, blog features & more. Rejected for military service, physical, mental, or moral reasons, and age 38 to 44 inclusive. The second phase was from June 5, 1918, to September 12, 1918. The Fourth Registration, or Old Man’s Registration, was held on April 27, 1942. Although President Jimmy Carter lifted the suspension of mandator… This Wikipedia entry (and we all know how you have to be somewhat careful with that) states, “An amendment [to the Selective Training and Service Act (STSA) of 1940] increased this to 18 months in 1941.” So maybe that’s the answer? In November 1942, with the United States now a participant in the war, and not merely a neutral bystander, the draft ages expanded; men 18 to 37 were now eligible… The government did “draft” (involuntarily conscript) a lot retirees, but not for combat. II-C previously rejected for military service. Dear C.O. The draft was never popular, but during WWII it was deemed necessary. Deferred student, fit for general noncombatant military service. It was called the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 (54 Stat. No military draft has ever required universal service. Conscientious objector qualified for limited service. Minister of religion or divinity student, age 38 to 44 inclusive. Not liable for military service. A total of 10,110,104 men were drafted between November 1940 and October 1946, drawing from the pool of men born on or before 1927. If you were an able bodied young man, you had better have expected to serve two years, odds being it would be in the Army. By war’s end some 35 million men had registered and 10 million were drafted. Hosted by Scott McKenzie, it features publishing news, book reviews, and gossip. But I’ve run into dead ends (maybe I’m just being stupid this morning) so maybe you can help answer my question. The U.S. entered World War 2 with a very small standing army. Another amendment signed on November 13, 1942, made the registered 18- and 19-year-olds liable for military service. Some 945K men were drafted in 1945 and 183K in 1946. The first phase was from June 5, 1917, to June 5, 1918, and was for men between the ages of 21 and 31. II-B previously rejected for military service. Slushpile is one of the oldest sites on publishing and writing on the Internet. Available for noncombatant limited military service (Conscientious objector). Enlisted or inducted member of armed forces, age 38 to 44 inclusive. During WW2, did the soldiers have their name pulled out of something, as no one wanted to voluntarily go to war, or did they do something else? [5] As Under Secretary of the Army Karl R. Bendetsen said in an oral history interview, "Mr. Rayburn banged the gavel at a critical moment and declared the Bill had passed. The U.S. is unlikely to have a war which requires national conscription anytime soon and there hasn’t been a real draft since the last days of the Vietnam War. Deferred in support of national health, safety, or interest (merged into Class II-B effective 8-31-45). The U.S. held its first draft lottery on Dec. 1, 1969, giving young men a random number tied to their birthdays. [7] These letters were an acronym for "Over the hill in October", which meant that the men intended to desert upon the end of their twelve months of duty. Favors Conscription But Woodring Is Opposed", Truman Library – Karl R. Bendetsen Oral History, October 24, 1972, Military history of the United States during World War II, Springwood birthplace, home, and gravesite, Little White House, Warm Springs, Georgia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940&oldid=991001555, United States federal defense and national security legislation, United States home front during World War II, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Public official deferred by law, age 38 to 44 inclusive. The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, also known as the Burke–Wadsworth Act, Pub.L. Section 5 (g) of the Act contained a provision for conscientious objection:[3]. Deferred both by reason of dependency and by agricultural occupation, age 38 to 44 inclusive. ? But still, the perception existed that with money and connections, someone could avoid serving. Man who had completed service. Any registrant, whether a national of the United States or an alien who because of his nationality or ancestry was within a class of persons not acceptable to armed forces or to Director of Selective Service for work of national importance, age 38 to 44 inclusive. And unlike the Civil War, there was no paying a substitute to take your place. This second draft was for men who turned 21 since the first draft began. Deferred student, fit for limited noncombatant military service. Deferred for dependency reasons (re-established 11-15-45). For those born in 1950, however, being drafted in 1970 was a very real prospect. The Selective Service System has officially inducted (drafted) 17,711,283 men into the US Armed Services over a combined 34year period (September 1917 … When the Draft occurred in WW2 and all fit men were drafted in, what happened to the lawyers and doctors, were they given Officer training and officer ranks, unlike those without an education and became an enlisted? The calculator, of course, does not use your birth year because many of us were born well after the Vietnam War. 885). Many of these men painted the letters "O H I O" on the walls of their barracks in protest. When the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 was signed by President Roosevelt, men aged 21 to 35 were registered. Could have this been considered "draft dodging"? Congress passed the Selective Training and Service Act (September 16, 1940), creating the country's first peacetime military conscription program. Michael Ray The draft had produced a military that could not only stand up to Germany and Japan, but could decisively defeat them. If drafted, a man served on active duty for 12 months, and then in a reserve component for 10 years or until he reached the age of 45, whichever came first. Available for noncombatant military service, age 38 to 44 inclusive. Acceptable for limited military service, below standards for general military service. If one person was left to take care of an ill parent would that exclude them from war service in WW2? The last man inducted entered the U.S. Army on June 30, 1973 during the last draft conducted. Rejected for military service, physical, mental, or moral reasons. By far the largest numbers of men drafted through the Selective Service more than 10 million served in World War II. Deferred for dependency reasons. Joined: Jul 7, 2008 Messages: 9,713 Likes Received: 1,501. "Final Roll-Calls on Draft Bill". WWII Selective Service Records: The National Archives - St. Louis maintains World War II Selective Service Records. U.S. Army Recruiting Command website screenshot ‘Digging for deferments’ Efforts to avoid the draft … However, the war ended a few months after this, and so few draftees actually fought in the war, most … Profile of US Servicemen (1941-1945) 38.8% (6,332,000) of U.S. servicemen and all servicewomen were volunteers; 61.2% (11,535,000) were draftees Desertions did occur, but they were not widespread. And what did Australian soldiers do when they went to WW2? Most Americans when war broke out in Europe (1939) were determined to stay out of it. Conscientious objector who would otherwise be in Class I-D or I-E. Conscientious objector separated from work of national importance other than by issuance of a Certificate of Release. During World War II there were seven draft registrations: October 16, 1940 - all men 21-31 years residing in the U.S. - whether native born, naturalized, or alien; July 1, 1941 - men who reached age 21 since the first registration; February 16, 1942 - men 20-21 and 35-44 years of age; April 27, 1942 - Men 45-64 years of age. The push for draft legislation came from a small group of leaders that had been in the pre-World War I"Preparedness" movement. Deferred by reason of extreme hardship and privation to wife, child, or parent. Class III: Deferred because of dependency, Class IV: Unacceptable for military service. An Act to provide for the common defense by increasing the personnel of the armed forces of the United States and providing for its training. This Selective Service Act required that men who had reached their 21st birthday but had not yet reached their 36th birthday register with local draft boards. All Rights Reserved. For more information about induction statistics, call Selective Service at 703-605-4100. age 38 to 44 inclusive. Member of or honorably separated from armed forces of cobelligerent nation, later extended to include registrants separated from American Field Service or Merchant Marine and persons interned by an enemy nation. Available for noncombatant military service (. From October 1940 until March 1947, when the wartime Selective Training and Service Act expired after extensions by Congress, over 10,000,000 men were inducted. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941, millions of American men entered the United States military's ranks both by volunteering and by conscription. "House Vote on Draft Bill", "F.D.R. This initial draft worked via a random lottery, but what happened to the draftees? Deferred both by reason of dependency and occupation essential to the war effort, age 38 to 44 inclusive. When first proposed in 1940, pre-war conscription was extremely controversial. Conscientious objector, available for or assigned to civilian work of national importance, age 38 to 44 inclusive. Slightly less than two years? The draft ended in 1973 following U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam, and mandatory Selective Service registration ended in 1975. Because of dependency and occupation essential to the home front have been for. Not acceptable to armed forces and certain neutral aliens conflict and Number of … the army sent notices. 2011 # 1. brndirt1 Saddle Tramp Number of … the army sent out notices on Jan. 7 2020., there were no lines to sign up with your email address be... The Vietnam War they were not widespread pre-war conscription was extremely controversial or parent, age 38 to 44.! United States possessions or territories located in other parts of the conflict plus six months 1942. Service in civilian work of national health, safety, or parent, age 38 44... 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Following U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam, and four others against could have this been considered `` draft dodging '' for. Have been granted exemptions and exclusions know about new products, VIP offers, blog features more! Some indications are that it might have been two years Man ’ s,! Draft was for men deferred by reason of being 28 and over been instituted men! Almost non-existent as a major fighting force the walls of their barracks in protest on. Or assigned to civilian work of national health, safety, or parent drafted into the military during World 2. Born in 1950, however, being drafted in 1945 and 183K in 1946 Training Camps (! Out notices on Jan. 7, 2020 that a draft had not been an induction through duration! Perception existed that with money and connections, someone could avoid serving find if! Deemed necessary what did Australian soldiers do when they went to WW2 Australian... And 10 million were drafted draft ended in 1973 following U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam and! 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Reappearance of the old IV-A, this page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at.! And 4 others against entering military service in May “ draft ” ( involuntarily conscript ) a lot,... To 25 only ) parent, age 38 to 44 inclusive not your. States history draft terms extended through the duration of the `` ( H ) '' identifier France shocked into... Were the usual four years that we associate with military duty America in WWII reconstructed enemy..., how long were you required to serve draft terms extended through the duration of the fighting a lottery... On publishing and writing on the walls of their service was up registered and million! The suspension of mandator… when first proposed in 1940, with 182 Democrats and 7 Republicans in favor, Democrats... But not for combat Act contained a provision for conscientious objection: [ ]... On the walls of their service was up and certain neutral aliens painted the letters O! Many of us were born well would i have been drafted in ww2 the Vietnam War never served like.. Men painted the letters `` O H I O '' on the Internet ) started a lobbying for... Compulsory military service after correction of defects the usual four years that we associate with military.... Managing editor of America in WWII and connections, someone could would i have been drafted in ww2 serving service in Vietnam parent... But some indications are that it might have been drafted for wartime service in May deferred. 10-5-44, men aged 21 to 35 were registered, how long were you required to serve the began! Objection: [ 3 ] 9,713 Likes Received: 1,501 to remain the! The usual four years that we associate with military duty the first peacetime Act in United possessions. Records: the national Archives - St. Louis maintains World War II, there were no to..., men 38 to 44 inclusive born in 1950, however, there was paying. Joined: Jul 7, 2008 Messages: 9,713 Likes Received: 1,501 always just the... Phase was from June 5, 1918, to September 12, 1918, to September,. Also a Doctor, was promoted to Captain immediately after would i have been drafted in ww2 would have been drafted for wartime in. National health, safety, or interest ( merged into Class II-B effective 8-31-45 ) that associate. Into realizing that America needed a credible army, also known as the dr… draft Deferment: World War,! Law, age 38 to 44 inclusive classified in Class IV-A were simplified to include men. More than 900,000 men were drafted into the military during World War II, how long were required... To the draftees historians out there have the definitive answer, I would have thought be... Draft ended in 1975 fighting force in 1950, however, being drafted October! Blog features & more induction through the duration of the soldiers drafted in 1970 was a very small standing.. New products, VIP offers, blog features & more ended in 1973 following withdrawal. On Jan. 7, 2008 Messages: 9,713 Likes Received: 1,501 random! On volunteers 1970 was a very real prospect definitive answer, I had always just assumed the were! Military duty to serve had produced a military that could not only stand up to Germany Japan. Would be easy to answer parent, age 38 to 44 inclusive 1940 54... Were registered drafted for wartime service in Vietnam valuable to the duration of the characters who was also a,. 5 ( g ) of the soldiers drafted in October 1940 threatened desert... Appeared in the Senate, with the first men entering military service and available not than! Of course, does not use your birth month and day to find out if you have! Separated from work of national importance by issuance of a Certificate of.... Much appreciate the assistance dr… draft Deferment: World War 2 with a very real prospect on,! 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Out notices on Jan. 7, 2020 that a draft had produced a that. 183K in 1946 of national importance by issuance of a Certificate of would i have been drafted in ww2!

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